21 aprile 2023
The Legal Representative and founder of the S. Freud Private School, Dr. Daniele Nappo, makes an examination of the issue of safety. The teacher during the time space of presence at school is responsible for what happens and has on a legal level a duty of vigilance that can result in possible criminal liability. In order to prevent the situation from worsening, it is necessary for the teacher to try to contain the risk through common sense and the adoption of appropriate logistical practices and, at the same time, not forgetting that the risk can never be completely eliminated.
The profession and profession of teaching can be extremely rewarding, but it should not be forgotten that it is also a seriously laborious task. The responsibilities joint to the role of the teacher are many and go far beyond those that arise from the already demanding function of educating and training pupils. When unforeseen events and accidents unfortunately take place at school, one speaks of culpa in vigilando, that is, the obligation to supervise. During the time space of presence at school, therefore, the teacher is responsible. There is, on a legal level, an obligation to supervise on the part of teachers that can result in possible criminal liability. To prevent this from happening, it is certainly essential to try to contain the risk with common sense and the adoption of correct logistical practices that are the first form of protection. Protection to be achieved while being aware that risk can never be completely eliminated and that there must be insurance coverage. The role of the teacher is not, it seems clear, just another job. It proposes moral characteristics: parents hand over their children's education to the school and often expect that teaching will not stop at mere lectures. There are more and more cases of accidents involving students at school; alternatives to the teacher's sole responsibility need to be explored. The health and integrity of the person must be a primary good, these aspects must be thought of as being in the interest of the community and society, and therefore an educational process that develops skills for the safe conduct of classes must start in school. At school today and at work tomorrow: developing from the beginning a culture more focused on safety, risk reduction and crisis management.